Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2020- ( Java, Python, and JavaScript)

Hello guys, 2019 is coming to an end, and 2020 is approaching fast. This is the time, most of us start making our goals like physical goals, educational goals, and financial goals. As a programmer, one of our goals is to learn new technologies and programming languages, but which languages should you learn? Since acquiring a programming language requires both time and patience, you should learn a language that is worth the effort, I mean., it can reward you a better job and career growth. In this article, I am going to share with you the top 10 programming languages you can learn in 2020 to get a job in your favorite companies like Google, Microsoft, and Facebook.

Many sites publish the list of top programming languages or technologies. Still, for my friends who use StackOverflow regularly and me, it's developer survey provides a lot of useful insight.

The StackOverflow contains the biggest list of questions and answers on programming languages, I trust their list to be much more accurate than other sources. Still, I also add my own experience to tweak a little bit. In short, this is not the exact list you will see on the StackOverflow survey.

Even though Java is my favorite language, and I know a bit of C and C++, I am striving to learn more programming language to expand my knowledge and improve my arsenal in the coming year.

I am particularly interested in Python and JavaScript, but you might be interested in something else. This list of top 10 programming languages will help you to make your learning goal for 2020.

10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2020

Btw, my list is a little bit different from the StackOverflow as I have used my experience to tweak a bit and what you should learn in 2020.

1.   Java

Finally, Java, one of the most popular, powerful, and effective programming languages. Even though I have been using Java for years, there are still many things I have to learn, e.g. many Java 8 features and now the new release of JDK 13.

My goal for 2020 is to focus on recent Java changes on JDK 9, 10,11, 12, 13, and 14. If yours is the same, then the Complete Java MasterClass is an excellent place to start with; it was updated for Java 11 recently.

2. JavaScript

Believe it or not, but JavaScript is the #1 language of the web. The rise of frameworks like jQuery, Angular, Vue, Svelte, and React.js has made JavaScript even more popular. Since you just cannot stay away from the web, it's better to learn JavaScript sooner than later.

Even if you are not using Angular JS or React JS, there are many other libraries, like jQuery, which are based on JavaScript, and it's also the number one language for client-side validation, which makes it worth to learn JavaScript.

If you decide to learn JavaScript in 2020, then this JavaScript Masterclass is an excellent place to start with.

what to learn in 2018

3. Python

Python has now toppled Java to become the most taught programming language in Universities and Academica. Btw, I have been trying to learn Python from last year, but somehow, its always get pushed down on my list of goals.

It's a compelling language and high to generate scripts. You will find a python module for everything you can think of like I was looking for a command to listen to UDP traffic on Linux but couldn't find anything, then I wrote a Python script in 10 minutes to do the same.

If you want to learn Python in 2020, the Python Fundamentals from Pluralsight is the best online course to start with.

Btw, you would need a Pluralsight membership to get access to this course, which costs around $29 per month or $299 annually (14% discount).  

If you don't have Pluralsight membership, I encourage you to get one because it allows you to access their 5000+ online courses on all the latest topics like front-end and back-end development, machine learning, etc.

It also includes interactive quizzes, exercises, and the latest certification material. It's more like Netflix for Software Developers, and Since learning is an essential part of our job, Pluralsight membership is a great way to stay ahead of your competition. You can also gift it to any programmer. 

They also provide a 10-day free trial without any commitment, which is a great way to not just access this course for free but also to check the quality of courses before joining Pluralsight.

4. Kotlin

If you are thinking seriously about Android App development, then Kotlin is the programming language to learn in 2020. It is probably the next big thing happening in the Android world.

Even though Java is my preferred language, Kotlin has got native support, and many IDEs like IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio is supporting Kotile for Android development.

If you want to learn Kotlin in 2020, then The Complete Android Kotlin Developer Course is probably the best online course to start with.

learn kotlin in 2018

5. Golang

This is another language I am thinking of learning in 2020. I know it's not very popular and, at the same time, hard to learn, but I feel its usage is going to increase in 2020.

Since there are not many Go developers around and many companies are going to adopt it, its probably the best time to learn Go, especially if you want to create frameworks and things like that.

If you can invest some time and become an expert in Go, you're going to be in high demand. So, how to start? Well, the Go: The Complete Developer's Guide from Udemy is the online course I am going to take to begin with Go, which I bought last month on just 10$ from Udemy sale price.

which programming language to learn in 2018

6. C#

I am not a big fan of C#, and probably I won't learn it in 2020, but you may want to. It's anyway a great language to developer GUI. Nevertheless, if you happen to decide to learn C# in 2020 then you can also check out the Learn to Code by Making Games - Complete C# Unity Developer from Udemy, I see more than 200K students have enrolled in this course, which speaks for its popularity.

7. Swift

If you are thinking about iOS development, like making apps for iPhone and iPad, then you should seriously consider learning Swift in 2020.

It replaces Objective C as the preferred language to develop iOS apps. Since I am the Android guy, I have no goal concerning Swift, but if you do, you can start with the iOS 11 and Swift 4 - The Complete iOS App Development Bootcamp, another excellent course from Udemy I bought last month.

Best language to learn in 2018

If you don't mind learning from free resources, then you can also check out this list of free iOS courses for more choices.

8. Rust

To be honest, I don't know much about Rust and its usage as I have never used it, but whatever I heard, it's the right language for developers. It has won first place for "most loved programming language" in the Stack Overflow Developer Survey from last a couple of years.

I think, If you are an experienced programmer and you're looking for a new language in 2020, Rust might be the right choice because developers love this language. If you decide to learn Rust in 2020, Rust Fundamentals is reasonable to start with.

why learn Rust in 2018

9. PHP

Yup, another surprise. If you thought that PHP is dead, then you are wrong. It's still alive and kicking. If you know, 50% of internet websites are built using PHP; hence you cannot ignore the power of PHP. Though it's not on my list of things to learn in 2020, it's still a great programming language to learn, and if I decide to learn PHP, then PHP for Beginners is a good starting point.

should you learn PHP in 2018

10. C/C++

Both C and C++ are evergreen languages, and most of you know from your Academics btw, if you are doing some serious work in C++, then your Academic experience will not be enough. You need to join a comprehensive online course, like C++: From Beginner to Expert, to become industry-ready.

should you learn C++ in 2018

That's all about some of the best programming languages you can learn in 2020. You can choose one or two languages from this list and focus on that. Even if you learn just one programming language apart from the one you use daily, you will be in good shape for your career growth. The most important thing right now is to make your goal and try your best to achieve it in 2020.

I wish you all a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2020.

Other Articles You May Like to Explore

P.S. - If you are looking for some gift ideas for your programmer friend on this holiday season, then you can check out my list of 10 best gifts for programmers and tech geeks.


  1. That's 11 languages, not 10. C and C++ are different languages.

    1. Yes, Indeed, What I mean was to learn C or C++, once you learn one, the other is easier.

  2. I think your list is ill-thought on a few levels. First of all, it is pointless to learn 10 languages in a year. You cannot use 10 languages effectively, much less really learn them to the point of being useful. You will spread yourself too thin and waste a lot time writing hello, world! and then a few more interesting yet simple examples in each language. You probably will not even be at a decent reading level in any of them after this process.
    The second issue is that what you should be learning should be driven by what you already know, and to what depth you know it. The second is what are you using and working on now and for the next year. And based on what you already know and use, what are the holes in your knowledge and skillset; not in the resume builder sense, but in the breadth of your knowledge of programming and computer science. And finally, what looks interesting and exciting to you.
    Writing a generic 10 Languages post is a fools errand. You cannot make a meaningful blanket statement like that. For example, of the languages that you listed, one (Rust) is on my to learn list, a couple are completely uninteresting and/or irrelevant to me, and one of them should not be on the list. There is no reason for anyone to learn PHP unless they are supporting an existing PHP system.
    I am a server-side and data programmer. I work mostly in Java and Scala. But I also do a significant amount of SQL, Bash (shell) scripting, I use Lisp for data model development and API exploration. I have a reading level knowledge of Python and JavaScript.

    In general, the most you can recommend on an a global basis is that when choosing languages to learn, the goal needs to to expand one's exposure to different domains of knowledge and different programming models. For example, if you already know Python and Java, which are OO-imperative languages, your next language should be something functional. That will teach you to look at programming from a different point of view and different solution space. That will make you a more effective developer.

    1. Hello @Unknown, the list doesn't say you to learn all of these Programming language in one year, of course you cannot,except basic introduction as you mentioned. It instead says that these are something worth looking, choose one or two which is close to your job or passion and learn it.

  3. This your write-up really shows that you do not love C# at all. Mind you that C# is a modern and powerful programming language that has both imperative and functional strengths. It makes the developers very productive and its of high performance.

    C# is used in developing/ building different kinds of software solutions:
    - Web App
    - Mobile
    - Desktop
    - IoT and Micro-Devices
    - Machine Learning and AI
    - Cloud Computing etc

    So get your facts right, before exhibiting your hatred against a powerful programming language.

    1. Hello @Anonymous, I don't hate C#, I know it's a powerful language and whole .NET and Unity world relies on it. I don't know what makes you believe that I hate C#

    2. I agree that C# is a productive and high-efficiency programming language, I made many products with C# and earn a lot of money :), but JAVA it is important in China, many companies use Java a lot, if you are going to easily find a job, you need to learn Java. but the strange thing is we are all using the Windows OS which has a good supported by C#, why almost developer like using Java rather than C#.

  4. I want learn Python...but don't know were to get well organized and simplified videos...

    1. You can check this article, where I have shared best Python courses, you can choose any of them, if you need free resources, you can also check on my list of free Python tutorials, both are useful.