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How to convert Integer to String in Java - Example

This is the second part of String to Integer data type conversion tutorial in Java, in the first part you have learned how to convert String to Integer and in this article, you will learn the opposite i.e. convert from Integer to String. Actually, you can apply all the tricks, which I had told you before about converting long to String, and autoboxing will take care of converting int to Integer in Java. But, if you care for performance and believe in not using auto-boxing when not needed then there are still a couple of ways which directly converts an Integer object to String e.g. Integer.toString() method, which returns a String object and doesn't have any auto-boxing overhead. Let's see a couple of more ways to convert an Integer to String in Java.

Difference between Daemon Thread vs User Thread in Java?

A thread is used to perform parallel execution in Java e.g. while rendering screen your program is also downloading the data from the internet in the background. There are two types of threads in Java, user thread and daemon thread, both of which can use to implement parallel processing in Java depending upon the priority and importance of the task. The main difference between a user thread and a daemon thread is that your Java program will not finish execution until one of the user threads is live. JVM will wait for all active user threads to finish their execution before it shutdown itself. 

How to Create, Start, and Stop a New Thread in Java? [Example Tutorial]

One of the most important tasks for a Java developer is to learn multi-threading and learn it correctly. There are more Java developers who know multi-threading incorrectly than the programmer who doesn't know at all. In order to learn it correctly, you need to start it from scratch, I mean the most fundamental concepts of multithreading like how to create create, start, and stop a new thread in Java. I am sure you already know that as you have done that a lot of time but it's worth remembering few facts to not repeat the mistakes many programmers do when they write multithreading code in Java. 

Eclipse - Unsupported major.minor version 53.0, 52.00, 51.0 Error in Java

The UnsupportedClassVersionError is a big nightmare for Java developers, probably the next biggest after NoClassDefFoundError and ClassNotFoundException but its slightly easier to solve. The root cause of this error is that your code is compiled using higher JDK version and you are trying to run it on the lower version. For example, the Unsupported major.minor version 53.0 means your code is compiled in JDK 9 (the class version 52 corresponds to JDK 9) and you are trying to run it on any JRE lower than Java 9, probably JDK 8, 7, or 6.

java.sql.SQLException: No suitable driver found for 'jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mysql [Solution]

This error comes when you are trying to connect to MySQL database from Java program using JDBC but either the JDBC driver for MySQL is not available in the classpath or it is not registered prior to calling the DriverManager.getConnection() method. In order to get the connection to the database, you must first register the driver using Class.forName() method. You should call this method with the correct the name of the JDBC driver "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" and this will both load and register the driver with JDBC. The type 4 JDBC driver for MySQL is bundled into MySQL connector JAR e.g. mysql-connector-java-5.1.18-bin.jar depending upon which version of MySQL database you are connecting. Make sure this JAR is available in classpath before running your Java program, otherwise Class.forName() will not be able to find and load the class and throw java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver, another dreaded JDBC error, which we have seen in the earlier post.

Java CyclicBarrier Example for Beginners [Multithreading Tutorial]

This is the second part of my concurrency tutorial, in the first part, you have learned how to use CountDownLatch and in this part, you will learn how to use CyclicBarrier class in Java. CyclicBarrier is another concurrency utility introduced in Java 5 which is used when a number of threads (also known as parties) want to wait for each other at a common point, also known as the barrier before starting processing again. It's similar to CountDownLatch but instead of calling countDown() each thread calls await() and when the last thread calls await() which signals that it has reached the barrier, all threads started processing again, also known as a barrier is broken. 

Java CountDownLatch Example - Concurrency Tutorial

CountDowaLatch is a high-level synchronization utility that is used to prevent a particular thread to start processing until all threads are ready. This is achieved by a countdown. The thread, which needs to wait for starts with a counter, each thread make the count down by 1 when they become ready, once the last thread call countDown() method, then the latch is broken and the thread waiting with the counter starts running. CountDownLatch is a useful synchronizer and used heavily in multi-threaded testing. You can use this class to simulate truly concurrent behavior i.e. trying to access something at the same time once every thread is ready. Worth noting is that CountDownLatch starts with a fixed number of counts which cannot be changed later, though this restriction is re-mediated in Java 7 by introducing a similar but flexible concurrency utility called Phaser.

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target

Hello guys, this is one of the common error in a client-server application. The big problem in solving this error is not the error but the knowledge of how client-server SSL handshake works. I have blogged about that before and if you have read that you know that in order to connect to any website or server (like LDAP Server) using SSL, you need to have certificates (public keys) to validate the certificates sends by the website you are connecting. If you don't have the root certificate or public key, which is required to validate the certificate presented by the server in your JRE truststore then Java will throw this error.

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilderException: unable to find valid certification path to requested target

In order to solve this error, just add the root certificate required to connect to the server in question into truststore of your application's JRE.

Difference between WHERE and HAVING clause in SQL?

The main difference between WHERE and HAVING clause comes when used together with GROUP BY clause, In that case WHERE is used to filter rows before grouping and HAVING is used to exclude records after grouping. This is the most important difference and if you remember this, it will help you write better SQL queries. This is also one of the important SQL concepts to understand, not just from an interview perspective but also from a day-to-day use perspective. I am sure you have used WHERE clause because its one of the most common clauses in SQL along with SELECT and used to specify filtering criterion or condition. You can even use WHERE clause without HAVING or GROUP BY, as you have seen it many times.

How to Fix java.lang.classnotfoundexception oracle.jdbc.driver.oracledriver [Solved]

Scenario : Your Java program, either standalone or Java web application is trying to connect to Oracle database using type 4 JDBC thin driver "oracle.jdbc.driver.oracledriver", JVM is not able to find this class at runtime. This JAR comes in ojdbc6.jar or ojdbc6_g.jar which is most probably not available in classpath.

Cause : When you connect to Oracle database from Java program, your program loads the implementation of Driver interface provided by the database vendor using class.forName() method, which throws ClassNotFoundException when driver class is not found in classpath. In case of Oracle the driver implementation is oracle.jdbc.driver.oracledriver and "java.lang.classnotfoundexception oracle.jdbc.driver.oracledriver" error indicate that this class is  not available in classpath. Since this class is bundled into ojdbc6.jar, its usually the case of this JAR not present in Classpath

Top 25 Exception Interview Questions for Java Programmers

1) The difference between checked and Unchecked Exceptions in Java?
For checked exceptions, the compiler ensures that they are either handled using try-catch, try-finally, or try-catch-finally block or thrown away. If a method, which throws a checked exception like IOException, and doesn't handle them or doesn't declare them in the throws class of the method, a compile-time error will occur. On the other hand, the compiler doesn't do similar checks for an unchecked exception, that's why it is known as un-checked. These are also called runtime exceptions because they extend java.lang.RuntimeException.

5 Examples of Enhanced for loop in Java

Enhanced for loop was added way back in 2004 in Java and it provides an easy and cleaner way to iterate over array and Collection in Java. The introduction of forEach() in Java 8 has further improved iteration but that doesn't mean that you need to forget the for each loop. In this article, you'll see some cool examples of enhanced for loop in Java which will help you to write better and more readable code in Java. It's also less error-prone because you don't have to deal with an index like you need to with the classic "for" loop. This means no chance of one-off error, means no risk of starting with index zero when you want to start with one or vice-versa.

Difference between OCAJP and OCPJP Certification Exams for Java Programmers

Earlier when Sun Microsystems was in charge of Java, the popular Java certifications were called "Sun Certified Java Programmer" or "SCJP" and that time there was just one exam, you need to pass to become a certified Java Developer, but when Oracle took over Sun Microsystems on 2010, the SCJP goes away and OCAJP and OCPJP born. Since Oracle already has its certifications for database administrations e.g., OCA, which stands for Oracle certified associates, and OCP, which stands for Oracle Certified Professional, it introduces new Java certifications to match their existing hierarchy. They are known as OCAJP and OCPJP in the Java world.