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How to validate phone numbers in Java? Google libphonenumber library Example Tutorial

Hello guys, if you are wondering how to validate if a given number or string is a valid phone number in a Java application then you are not alone. It's a common requirement to validate phone numbers for a Java web application, much like validating email addresses. Unfortunately, Java doesn't provide any built-in method to carry out this kind of common validation, I would love to have a validation package in Java, but don't worry there must be an open-source library to cover this deficiency, right? Yes, there is Google's phone number library which allows you to validate any phone number both international, USA specific, or any country-specific.

So forget about writing a complex regular expression, testing it endlessly only to realize that certain valid phone numbers are not matching and if you get it right then tweaking it endlessly to validate another country's phone number.

I always try to follow Java guru Joshua Bloch's advice by hearing, use a library method instead of writing your own for production code, and my argument is testing. You would never be able to test a common utility method like validating phone numbers or email addresses as thoroughly by yourself as in the case of an open-source library, forget about the constant time pressure you have to deliver the main functionality.

Btw, if you are new to the Java world then I recommend you to go through a comprehensive Java course like The Complete Java Masterclass on Udemy, which is not just very comprehensive but also the most up-to-date course and covers recent Java features.

Google's libphonenumber library Example

The libphonenumber is Google's open-source library for parsing, formatting, validating, and storing international phone numbers. The Java version is also optimized for running on smartphones and is used by the Android framework since 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich). 

Now, let's see what you can do with this wonderful utility library from Google :

1. You can parse, format, and validate phone numbers from any country or region in the world.

2. You can find which type of phone number you are dealing with by calling the method getNumberType(). This method allows you to find the type of the number based on the number itself; allows you to distinguish between Fixed-line, Mobile, Toll-free, Premium Rate, Shared Cost, VoIP, and Personal Numbers (whenever feasible).

3. Allow you to check if two phone numbers are the same by using the isNumberMatch() method.

4. You can find geographical information related to phone numbers like which country, which region by using the PhoneNumberOfflineGeocoder method. 

By the way, if you are new to Java programming then you can also check out these Java Programming courses to learn more about how to use libraries in Java and other Java fundamental concepts. 

How to validate phone number in Java?

Java Program to validate Phone numbers - Example

Now, let's see a real-world code example of how to validate phone numbers in Java using Google's popular lib-phone-number library. 


 * This class demonstrate how to validated and format phone numbers using
 * Google's libphonenumber library.
public class PrimeNumberGenerator {

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        String[] numbers = { "+91 94483 76473", "+1 303 230340",
                "+91 83944 7484", "091 93328 23484" };

        for (String phone : numbers) {
            if (isPhoneNumberValid(phone)) {
                System.out.printf("%s is valid %n", phone);
            }else {
                System.err.printf("%s is not valid %n", phone);


     * Java method to validate phone number
     * @param phoneStr
     * @return true if given phone number is valid
    public static boolean isPhoneNumberValid(String phoneStr) {
        PhoneNumberUtil phoneUtil = PhoneNumberUtil.getInstance();
        PhoneNumber thePhoneNumber = null; // The class which represent
                                           // a phone number
        try {
            thePhoneNumber = phoneUtil.parse(phoneStr, "IN");
        } catch (NumberParseException e) {
            System.err.println("Cannot parse the given phone number string "
                    + phoneStr);

        // Now, let's validate phone number
        return phoneUtil.isValidNumber(thePhoneNumber);

Output :
+91 94483 76473 is valid 
+1 303 230340 is not valid 
+91 83944 7484 is not valid 
091 93328 23484 is not valid 

You can see that only the valid phone numbers are judged valid, others are invalid. You can even use this library to format phone numbers in an international or national format.

That's all about how to validate phone numbers in Java using Google's libphonenumber library. If you find this example useful then please share it with your friends and colleagues. If you have any questions or feedback then please drop a note. I also recommend you to check my article about 20 essential libraries Java developers should know to learn more about such gems which can save your day and also make you a better Java developer.

Other Java Programming Articles you may like 

P. S. - If you are new to the Java world and looking for some free resources to kick-start your Java development journey, then I also suggest you check out this list of free Java courses for beginners on Medium. 


  1. couldn't find getInstance method after PhoneNumberUtil

    1. It's actually inside the library, do you have correct JAR file in classpath?


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